Yamin-ud-daula Mahmud

(also Sayf al daulah Mahmud before 389 AH)

998-1030 AD
388-421 AH



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Mahmud is the founder of the independent dynasty of the Ghaznavids.  He was the first Muslim to move into India.  He conquered the Punjab and did 17 more campaigns into India.  He also lead successful campaigns into much of eastern and central Iran.

The Yamini Dirham is named after his honorific title Yamin-ud-daula (Yamin al-Dawla), which means "the Right Hand of the State."


 
MH000

Abbasid Caliph: Al Qadir B'Allah

Mint: Balkh

Date: 416 A.H.

Identified by Dr. Lutz Ilisch
Mahmud 000
MH002

Style of Ghazna Script

Unusual square style

Identified by
Dr. Florian Schwarz 
Mahmud 002
MH110

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Ghazna

Mahmud 110
MH123

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Ghazna
Mahmud 123
MH145

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Ghazna


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Mahmud 145
MH160

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Ghazna
Mahmud 160
MH167

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Ghazna
Mahmud167
MH171

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Ghazna
Mahmud 171

MH178

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Ghazna

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Mahmud 178
MH188

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Ghazna
Mahmud 188
MH197v

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Ghazna

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Mahmud 197
MH211v

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Ghazna

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Mahmud 211
MH224

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Ghazna
Mahmud 224
MH229

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Ghazna

Mahmud 229
MH761

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Farwan

Laqab: Yamin ad-Daula wa-Amin al-Milla

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Mahmud 761
MH764

Abbasid Caliph: al-Qadir

Mint: Farwan

Laqab: Yamin ad-Daula wa-Amin al-Milla
Mahmud764

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Numbers used to identify the coins are based on the numbers used in the Sylloge Numorum Arabicorum Turingen, Gazna/Kabul, XIV d Harasan IV, by Florin Schwarz.

Howard Cole, 2003
Revised March 2003